December 6th, 2017 by admin in Planning and Environmental

In Dover District Council v CPRE Kent [2017] UKSC 79 the Supreme Court reviewed various statutory rules relating to the provision of reasons for planning decisions, observing that these rules are to be found in subordinate legislation and that it is hard to detect a coherent approach to their development. The three main categories of planning decision are: (i) decisions of Secretaries of State and inspectors, (ii) decisions by local planning authorities in connection with planning permission, and (iii) decisions, at any level, on applications for EIA development. Read more »


New Towns

December 5th, 2017 by James Goudie QC in Planning and Environmental

CLG is consulting on draft Local Authority Oversight Regulations under the New Towns Act 1981 which would enable in England the creation, via a strong evidence basis and further Statutory Instruments, of locally led New Town Development Corporations, where local areas consider that they will be an effective vehicle for new garden towns and cities. The consultation period is only 4 weeks, from 4 December 2017 until 2 January 2018.


Neighbourhood Development Plans (Ndps)

December 1st, 2017 by James Goudie QC in Planning and Environmental

R (Oyston Estates Ltd) v Fylde Borough Council and St Anne’s-on-the-Sea Town Council (2017) EWHC 3086 (Admin) is concerned with time limits for a judicial review of a NDP. The concept of an NDP was introduced into the law by provisions in The Localism Act 2011, inserting the relevant provisions into the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (the 2004 Act) and the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 (the 1990 Act). The making of the NDP was initiated by the Town Council in April 2013 under Section 38A(1) of the 2004 Act. Read more »


Planning obligations

October 27th, 2017 by James Goudie QC in Planning and Environmental

Aberdeen City and Shire Strategic Development Planning Authority v Elsick Development Company Limited (2017) UKSC 66 raised an important question of planning law. A planning authority foresees and plans for significant growth in its area. Major investment in transport infrastructure is required to accommodate the aggregate of the planned development. The planning authority seeks to achieve this investment by adopting a policy in its development plan which in substance requires developers to enter into planning obligations with it to make financial contributions to the pooled fund to be spent on the infrastructure, including interventions at places where a particular development has only a trivial impact. Is such a policy within the existing powers of the planning authority under current planning legislation? Read more »


Direct Action: Natural Justice

October 12th, 2017 by James Goudie QC in Planning and Environmental

A local planning authority has power to take direct action. This is pursuant to Section 178 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 (“the TCPA”).  That empowers the LPA to enter land and take the steps required by an enforcement notice once the period for compliance with the notice has expired. Read more »


Residential Parking Permit

May 15th, 2017 by James Goudie QC in Planning and Environmental

A requirement in a planning permission that a property developer enter into an obligation that future occupiers of a building would not apply for a residential parking permit is not capable of being a planning obligation under Section 106 of TCPA 1990. Use of the highway for parking was not use of land in which the person making the agreement was interested.  (However, it was legally valid under a Greater London Council (General Powers) Act.)  So held in R (Khodari) v Kensington & Chelsea RLBC (2017) EWCA Civ 333.


Planning and Environmental

May 10th, 2017 by James Goudie QC in Planning and Environmental

The unsuccessful appeals by the Councils concerned to the Supreme Court in Suffolk Coastal DC v Hopkins Homes Ltd and Richborough Estates Partnership LLP v Cheshire East BC (2017) UKSC 37 related to the proper interpretation of paragraph 49 of the National Planning Policy Framework (“NPPF”), as well as the NPPF’s relationship with the statutory development plan. Part 2 of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 requires local planning authorities to prepare a “development plan”. In preparing “local development documents” authorities must have regard to national policies and advice issued by the Secretary of State (“the SoS”), pursuant to section 19(2). Section 38(6) of the 2004 Act and Section 70(2) of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 provide for the development plan to be taken into account in the handling of planning applications. Read more »


Neighbourhood Planning

May 2nd, 2017 by James Goudie QC in Planning and Environmental

On 27 April 2017 the Neighbourhood Planning Act 2017 received the Royal Assent. It makes provision about planning (Part 1) and compulsory purchase (Part 2) compensation. It amends the Town and Country Planning Act 1990, the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004, the Localism Act 2011, and legislation relating to compulsory purchase. Part 1, Neighbourhood Planning, Local Development Documents, Planning Conditions and Planning Register, apply to England.


Planning in Wales

April 12th, 2017 by James Goudie QC in Planning and Environmental

Numerous new Planning Regulations for Wales are (1) the Town and Country Planning (Enforcement Notices and Appeals) (Wales) Regulations 2017, S.I. 2017/530 (W.113), which amongst other things change the information to be included in an Explanatory Note to accompany every Enforcement Notice; the Town and Country Planning (Development Management Procedure) (Wales) (Amendment) Order 2017, S.I. 2017/542 (W.120); the Town and Country Planning (Referred Applications and Appeals Procedure) (Wales) Regulations 2017, S.I. 20117/544 (W.121); the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Wales) (Amendment) Regulations 2017, S.I. 2017/545 (W.122); the Planning (Hazardous Substances) (Wales) (Amendment) Regulations 2017, S.I. 2017/547 (W.124); the Town and Country Planning (Trees) (Amendment) (Wales) Regulations 2017, S.I. 2017/548 (W. 125); and the Town and Country Planning (Control of Advertisements) (Amendment) (Wales) Regulations 2017, S.I. 2017/553 (W.127).


Planning Conditions

April 4th, 2017 by James Goudie QC in Planning and Environmental

In Dunnett Investments Ltd v SoS for CLG and East Dorset Council (2017) EWCA Civ 192 a site had planning permission for new industrial and office premises, but subject to strict conditions, and was used as a business centre. The Claimant sought to develop the site for dwelling houses.

The planning permission was subject to a condition that the site could be used for “no other purpose whatsoever, without express planning consent from the Local Planning Authority first being obtained”. The issue was as to the lawfulness of this condition. In particular the question arose whether it was sufficiently clear. The Judge and the Court of Appeal held that it was sufficiently clear and was lawful.

The Court of Appeal held that the condition clearly excluded the operation of the General Permitted Development Order, as amended (“the GPDO”). It stated (paragraph 37) that the starting point for consideration of the correct approach to the interpretation of planning conditions was that, as long as appropriate caution was exercised, there was no bar to implying words into conditions, in a planning context as much as any other.  In interpreting a planning condition which was said to exclude the operation of the GPDO, the following themes could be discerned from the authorities: (a) a planning condition could exclude the application of the GPDO; (b) exclusion might be express or implied, however, a grant for a particular use could not in itself amount to an exclusion; (c) to exclude the application of the GPDO, the words used in the relevant condition, taken in their full context, must clearly evince an intention on the part of the local planning authority to make such an exclusion.