Compulsory Purchase

September 21st, 2021 by James Goudie QC in Land, Goods and Services

R (Gardner) v Lancaster City Council (2021) R.V.R. 177 was concerned with a claim for additional compensation under Section 23 of the Land Compensation Act 1961. There were two issues. The first was whether planning permission could be deemed to have been granted within 10 years. The Judge, Martin Rodger QC, addresses the interpretation of “ deemed”. The second was whether a planning permission was granted for the purposes of the 1961 Act when a resolution to grant was passed subject to conditions such as entry into a Section 106 agreement. No, says the Judge, at para 49.


Pension Scheme Governance

September 21st, 2021 by James Goudie QC in Decision making and Contracts

The Taskforce on Pension Scheme Voting Implementation has set out its Recommendations to the DWP on voting system issues and the respective roles of pension trustees and asset managers and communication between them. Currently, when pension schemes invest in pooled funds, they surrender their rights to vote at the AGMs of the companies they invest in. The asset managers in charge of these pooled funds are not always prepared to engage with their clients’ voting preferences, on issues such as climate risk management, diversity, and pay.

Read more »


Fundamental Dishonesty in Relation to Claim

September 20th, 2021 by James Goudie QC in Judicial Control, Liability and Litigation

The central issue in Elgamal v Westminster City Council (2021) EWHC 2510 (Admin) was whether the Claimant had on the balance of probabilities been fundamentally dishonest in relation to his personal injury claim against the Council and accordingly the provisions of Section 57 of the Criminal Justice and Courts Act 2015 were applicable. Jacobs J. said:-

Read more »


Air Pollution

September 16th, 2021 by James Goudie QC in Environment, Highways and Leisure

A local authority must not act in a way which contributes indirectly towards, or facilitates, a breach of ECHR Article 8 rights, for example by providing land for or subsidising a pollution causing waste disposal or other plant: Lopez Ostra v Spain (1994) 20 EHRR 277.  A local authority may be liable for inaction, or insufficiently speedy and robust action, against polluters and the perpetrators of nuisance, or for the environmental consequences of development which the authority provides under economic development powers, or which the authority permits, as landowner, or as planning or licensing authority.  There may be positive obligations under Article 8 and fair balances have to be struck.

Read more »



September 13th, 2021 by James Goudie QC in Social Care

Following the decision of the Supreme Court in Re T (2021) UKSC 35, the High Court in Tameside MBC v AM (2021) EWHC 2472 ( Fam) holds that, notwithstanding the subsequent amendment of the Care Placement etc Regulations , it is open to the Court under its inherent jurisdiction to authorise the deprivation of liberty of a child in a placement that the amended Regulations prohibited. The Judge addresses the protective inherent jurisdiction generally and the importance of anticipating and preventing harm from para 47. The inherent jurisdiction may be used notwithstanding the existence of a statutory
Read more »



September 10th, 2021 by James Goudie QC in Environment, Highways and Leisure

Local authorities are subject to a network management duty. Section 16(1) of the Traffic Management Act 2004 imposes a duty upon them not only to manage their road network, but to do so with a view to achieving objectives which include securing the expeditious movement of traffic upon the network. The duty is subject to reasonable practicability, and is elaborated upon in Section 16(2). In Trail Riders Fellowship v Devon County Council (2013) EWHC 2104 (Admin) the Court held that the highway authority had been entitled to make a Traffic Regulation Order prohibiting motor vehicles from using part of a road where that was expedient in the interests of road safety.

In HHRC Ltd v Hackney LBC (2021) EWHC 2440 ( Admin) Dove J says, at para 42, that the terms of Section 16 provide the authority with broad parameters within which to act consistently with the duty, that the objectives of Section 16 are broad, and qualified by the need to act, as far as reasonably practicable, having regard to the local authority’s other obligations and Policies. There is also statutory Guidance from the SoS. Read more »


Abuse of Process

August 23rd, 2021 by James Goudie QC in Judicial Control, Liability and Litigation

A Court has power to strike out proceedings as an abuse of process in circumstances where the issues sought to be raised might have been dealt with in earlier proceedings: the Henderson v Henderson principle. In the Matter of S ( Children) (2021) EWCA Civ 1223 the Court of Appeal rules that this principle has no application in children’s proceedings.


Setting Aside a Contract

August 18th, 2021 by James Goudie QC in Decision making and Contracts

The issue before the Supreme Court in Pakistan International Airline Corporation v Times Travel (2021) UKSC 40 was whether, and, if so, in what circumstances, a party can set aside a contract on the ground that it was entered into as a result of the other party threatening to do a lawful act. The Supreme Court examines the elements of the doctrine of lawful act economic duress.

Read more »


Legitimate Expectation

August 16th, 2021 by James Goudie QC in Decision making and Contracts

The requirement for the existence of a legitimate expectation that an assurance was “clear, ambiguous and devoid of relevant qualification” means that it’s creation will arise only where the claimant proves “the clearest of assurances”. The same test applies whether or not the case involves the removal of an existing right. So held in R (Mitchell) v SoS for Justice (2021) EWHC 2248 (Admin).



August 16th, 2021 by James Goudie QC in Environment, Highways and Leisure

A statutory challenge to a decision in February 2021 not to revoke an Experimental Traffic Order in relation to a street in the Barbican failed in R (Tomkins ) v City of London Corporation (2021) EWHC 2265 (Admin). The challenge was on the basis that it was no longer possible to continue with the experiment in any meaningful way once traffic levels had reduced because of covid lockdown. However, monitoring had continued, albeit on a less comprehensive basis than intended, and useful data obtained. A genuine experiment continued. Not revoking the ETO was not irrational. See especially para 101 of the Judgment, and the treatment at para 86 of Trail Riders v Peak District Authority (2012) EWHC 3359 (Admin).