Public Health

November 11th, 2016

The appeal has been dismissed in National Aids Trust v NHS Commissioning Board and the Local Government Association [2016] EWCA Civ 1100.  NHS England does have the power to commission an anti-retroviral drug for use on a preventative basis for those at high risk of contracting HIV.  The question at the root of the appeal was out of whose budget the cost of medication is to be paid: the budget of NHS England; or that of local authorities.  The answer is NHS England.  This is because it is not a public health function for the purposes of the Health and Social Care Act 2012.  However, it is not possible to draw the dividing line between public health and non-public functions neatly along the lines between the prevention of ill-health and its treatment. There is no simple criterion for defining the boundaries of public health functions in a borderline case.  However, in circumstances where public health functions are not defined and the boundary line between local authority public health functions and NHS non-public-health functions is not clearly drawn in the primary legislation, it is legitimate to refer to where it is drawn in the related secondary legislation.

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